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Photo Left:  Jackson Military Road cut exiting Washington, Arkansas, to the North East (2005)

This web site is intended to provide information for students and classrooms that have

interest in the route and history of the Old Southwest Trail in Arkansas.




County Articles
News & Updates
Photo Gallery
SWT Research Guide


Secondary Sources

Allen, Desmond Walls. Early Lawrence County, Arkansas Records 1817-1830. Conway, AR: Arkansas Research, 1995.

Anderson, Mary Ann and Ken Story. Settlement of Lawrence County and Powhatan, 1803-1890. Little Rock, AR: Arkansas Historic Preservation Program, not dated.

Arnold, Morris S. Colonial Arkansas 1686-1804: A Social and Cultural History. Fayetteville, University of Arkansas Press, 1991.

Barnwell, Virgle E. "Southwestern Trail." 2 pages. Source not cited. Article received from George Gatliff, Malvern, AR 9-24-2004.

Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Central Arkansas. Chicago: Goodspeed Publishing Co. 1889.

Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Northeastern Arkansas. Chicago: Goodspeed Publishing Company, 1889.

Bolton, Charles. Remote and Restless: Arkansas 1800-1860. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1998.

Bolton, Charles. Territorial Ambition: Land and Society in Arkansas, 1800–1840. Fayetteville, University of Arkansas Press, 1993.

Blair, Ruth Griffin. "The Meriwether Story." Independence County Chronicle. Vol. XVII, No. 2, January 1976, 2-13.

Camp, Worth. "Choctaw on the Ouachita–The Forgotten History." Unpublished paper in files of the SWT Project, 9-15-2004.

Camp, Worth. Jr. "The Choctaw and Cherokee in Union County: Before and After the Removal of the 1830s–and Today." South Arkansas Historical Journal, Vol.2. Fall (Dec.) 2002, 32-41.

"The Civil War in Clark County, Arkansas: A guide to the County’s significant Civil War sites and structures." Brochure from the Clark County Historical Association. Ca. 2000.

Dalton, Lawrence. "Early Families and First Roads Recalled by Randolph Historian." Independence County Chronicle, Vol. 1, 1959, 13-19.

Davis, Hester, ed. Archeological and Historical Resources of the Red River Basin. Fayetteville, Arkansas Archeological Survey Research Series no. 1, 1970.

Dollar, Clyde D. An Archeological Assessment of Historic Davidsonville. Arkansas Archeological Survey Research Report number 17, Fayetteville, AR 1977.

Dougan, CarolW. ‘The Developing and Changing Frontier: A Historical, Industrial, Agricultural, and Cultural Survey of Lawrence County, Arkansas." Unpublished paper 15 September 1978.

"Early Postal, Steamboat and Telegraph History, 1819-1874," Unpublished paper in WPA small manuscript collection, Arkansas History Commission, Little Rock.

Featherstonhaugh, George William. Photo and Biography.

Featherstonhaugh, George William. Excursion through the Slaves States, From Washington on the Potomac to the Frontier of Mexico; with Sketches of Popular Manners and Geological Notices. Originally published by Harper & Brothers, 1944. Reprinted by Negro Universities Press, New York, 1968.

Ferguson, John L. and J. H. Atkinson. Historic Arkansas. Little Rock: Arkansas History Commission, 1966.

Foreman, Grant. Indian Removal. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1932.

Foreman, Grant. Pioneer Days in the Early Southwest. Cleveland: Arthur H. Clark, 1926.

Gatewood, Robert L. Faulkner County, Arkansas: A History from 1778 to 1964.

Hempstead, Fay. Historical Review of Arkansas–Its Commerce, Industry and Modern Affairs. 3 Vols. Chicago: Lewis Publishing 1911. Reprinted by Southern Historical Press, 1977.

Herndon, Dallas T. Annals of Arkansas. Little Rock: The Historical Record Association, 1947.

Herndon, Dallas Tabor. Centennial History of Arkansas. 3 Vols. Chicago: S.J. Clark, 1922.

Higgins, J.S. Subdivisions of the Public Land, Described and Illustrated with Diagrams and Maps. St. Louis: Higgins & Co., 1894.

Historical Review Arkansas State Highway Commission and Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department, 1913-1992. Published by ASHTD, November 1992.

Houck, Louis. A History of Missouri. P.R. Donnelley and Sons, Chicago, 1908.

Jacksonport Settlement History. Brochure by the Jacksonport State Park, Ca. 2003. Has a photo of Captain Thomas Todd Tunstall.

Jansma, Jerome and Harriet Jansma. "George Engleman Revisits Arkansas, The New State." AHQ Vol. LI, Winter 1992.

Johnson, Boyd W. The Arkansas Frontier. Publisher unknown 1957.

Lemke, Walter J. And Ted R. Worley. The Butterfield Overland Mail in Arkansas. Little Rock: Arkansas History Commission, 1957.

Lewis, Kenneth. 1971 Archeological Excavations at Fort Towson, Choctaw County, Oklahoma. Studies in Oklahoma’s Past No. 2. Oklahoma Archeological Survey, Norman 1972.

Loberg, David L. The Mapping of Arkansas, 1541-1900. M.A. Thesis, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, 1976.

Marcy, Randolph B. and George B. McClellan. Adventures on the Red River. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1937.

Maynard, Arkansas Pioneeer Museum and Park Brochure. Ca. 2003.

McLeod, Walter E. "Early Lawrence County History." Arkansas Historical Quarterly, Vol. III, Sept. 1944, No 1, 42-45.

McLeod, W.E. "A New History of Lawrence County for the Period 1800-1860–An Old Story Told in a New Way," 1942.

McPherson, Alex. The History of Faulkner County, Arkansas. Conway, AR: Conway Times Plant, 1927.

Mehringer, Corrine. "William D. Meriwether." Independence County Chronicle. Vol. XII, No. 4, July 1971, 5-11.

Moffatt, Walter. "Transportation in Arkansas, 1819-1840." Arkansas Historical Quarterly 15:187-201.

Morris, Wayne. "Traders and Factories on the Arkansas Frontier, 1805-1822." AHQ 28:28-48.

Morrow, Jno. P. Jr. "The Arkansas Road." Independence County Chronicle, Vol 4, No. 4, 1963: 2-9. Map of Independence County on front cover.

Moore, Daniel E. "Pitman’s Ferry: Lost in Tradition." Ripley County, Missouri Heritage, Vol. 2, No. 1, March 1993, 18-42. No notes or bibliography published. Copy of original paper including notes and bibliography in SWT project files.

Moore, William Waddy. Territorial Arkansas, 1819-1836. PhD Dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 1962.

Morse, Dan F. and Phyllis A. Morse. Archaeology of the Central Mississippi Valley. New York: Academic Press, 1983.

Moseley, Emma Jean. "The Military Road in Clark County." Printed in the Daily Siftings Herald April 18, 1932. Edited and reprinted by Violet Gephart, Hot Spring County, Arkansas Historical Society. Date and publication unknown. Article received from George Gatliff, Malvern, AR 5-13-2004.

"Nicholas Trammel," Pulaski County Historical Society, Volume 5, Dec. 1956, No. 4.

Old Davidsonville State Park. Brochure by the Arkansas Department of Parks and Tourism, 2003.

"Old Washington, Arkansas: History". 11-29-2003

Owen, David D. First Report of a Geological Reconnaissance of the Northern Counties of Arkansas, Made During the Years 1857 and 1858. Johnson and Yerkes, State Printers, Little Rock.

Parks, Anna. "Ferry Sites in Independence County". The Arkansas Archeologist. Vol. 42, for 2001, Published in 2003. 45-78.

The Path of Least Resistance: Transportation in Arkansas 1800–2000. Travelling Exhibit available from the Department of Arkansas Heritage, Little Rock, AR 1999–2001.

Pope, William. Early Days in Arkansas. Little Rock: Pulaski County Historical Society.

Price, Cynthia R. Nineteenth Century Ceramics in the Eastern Ozark Border Region. Center for Archeological Research, Monograph Series No. 1. Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield, 1979.

Price, James E. and Cynthia R. Price. An Investigation of Settlement Patterns and Subsistence on the Ozark Escarpment in Southeast Missouri during the First Half of the Nineteenth Century: The Widow Harris Cabin Project. Unpublished Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, January 3-8, 1978, San Antonio, Texas. Dept. of Anthropology, American Archeolgy Division, Southeast Missouri Research Facility, University of Missouri, Columbia, 1978.

Price, James. "The Widow Harris Cabin Site: A Place in the Ozarks." 11-27-2003

Pride, Ellen P. Steam Navigation on Arkansas Rivers. Tulane University Master’s Thesis, 1929.

Rafferty, Milton D. Rude Pursuits and Rugged Peaks: Schoolcraft’s Ozark Journal 1818-1819. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1996.

Richtor, Wendy, editor. Clark County, Arkansas: Past and Present. Arkadelphia, AR: Clark County Historical Society, 1992.

Ross, Margaret S. "Cadron: An Early Town That Failed." Arkansas Historical Quarterly, Vol. XVI, 3-27.

Ross, Margaret S. "Squatter’s Rights, Part III, The Cadron Settlement Prior to 1814." The Pulaski County Historical Review, Vol. IV, No. 4, 51-66.

Shinn, Josiah. Pioneers and Makers of Arkansas. Little Rock: Democrat Printing and Lithograph, 1908.

Skiles, Albert. Arkansas Climate Atlas. Arkansas Energy Office, Little Rock, 1981.

Smith, Samuel D. Cadron Settlement: An Archeological Assessment. Research Report No. 1, Fayetteville, AR: Arkansas Archeological Survey, February 1974.

Smith, Samuel D. "Davidsonville Bricks." The Arkansas Archeologist, 19:31-35, 1978.

Stewart-Abernathy, Leslie C. The Seat of Justice 1815-1830. An Archeological Reconnaissance of Davidsonville, 1979. Arkansas Archeological Survey Research Report No. 21, Fayetteville, AR 1980.

Strickland, Rex W. "Miller County, Arkansas Territory: The Frontier that Men Forgot." Chronicles of Oklahoma, Vol. 18, No. 1, March 1940, 12-33. 9-1-2004.

Stroud, Hubert B., and Gerald T. Hanson. Arkansas Geography: The Physical Landscape and the Historical–Cultural Setting. Little Rock: Rose 1981.

Stockard, Sally Walker. "The Arkansas Book–The History of Lawrence, Jackson, Independence, and Stone Counties." Unpublished paper written in 1904. Found in the Lawrence County WPA file, small manuscripts collection; Arkansas History Commission, Little Rock,

Sutton, Robert Eugene. Early Days in the Ozarks. Times–Echo Press, Eureka Springs, AR.

Thomas, David Y. Arkansas and Its People, A History, 1541 to 1930. New York: American Historical Society, 1930.

Underwood, Lawrence Eugene. Overland Stages: A Socio-Linguistic Study of Place Names Along a Portion of Arkansas’ Southwest Trail. E.D.D Dissertation, East Texas State University, 1980.

U.S. Department of Commerce. Climatic Atlas of the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington D.C. 1968.

Walz, Robert. "Migration into Arkansas, 1820-1880." AHQ, Vol. XVII, Winter 1958, No. 4.

Williams, Nathan B. "The Post Office in Early Arkansas." Arkansas Historical Association Publications 3:310-324.

Wright, Ron. Steamboating on the Arkansas River, 1820-1860. Ouachita Baptist University, 1980.

Worley, Ted. R. ed. "Story of an Early Settlement in Arkansas". Arkansas Historical Quarterly. Vol. X, no. 2, 1951, 117-137.

Worley, Ted R. "Glimpses of an Old Southwestern Town." Arkansas Historical Quarterly. Vol. III, Summer 1949, No. 2, 13-159.

Wyatt, Ralph. "Some History of Rosie Township." Independence County Chronicle. Vol XVI, No. 3, April 1975, 2-53. Map on back cover.

Young, Gloria A. and Michael P. Hoffman. The Expedition of Hernando de Soto West of the Mississippi, 1541-1543: Proceedings of the De Soto Symposia 1988 and 1990. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1993.

Journals–Primary Sources

Arkansas County Formation Maps. (Also Missouri and Texas) 12- 29-2003

Arkansas Gazette 1819--

Arkansas History Commission Index to County Records.

Arkansas Public Lands Records (searches for names in Featerstonhaugh–Kellog, Caruthers, Greathouse, Covey, Stacy, Hornberrier, others.

Ashe, Thomas. Travels in America Performed in 1806 for the Purpose of Exploring the Rivers Alleghany, Monogahela, Ohio, and Mississippi and Ascertaining the Produce and Condition of Their Banks and Vicinity, 1808. Reprinted by E.M. Bound, Newburyport, MA ; Reprinted by Lost Cause Press, Louisville, KY, 1956.

Brackenridge, Henry M. Views of Louisiana; Together with a Journal of a Voyage up the Missouri River, in 1811. Comer, Spear, and Eichbaum, Pittsburgh.

Bradbury, John. Travels in the Interior of America, 1809-1811, 2nd Edition. Printed for the Authro, by Smaith and Galway. Sherwood, Neely, and Jones, London, 1817.

Carter, Clarence Edward, ed. The Territorial Papers of the United States. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1954.

Daniels, Charlie. Original General Land Survey Notes and Plats for the State of Arkansas 1815–present. Little Rock: Commissioner of State Lands Office, ca. 1998.

Fuller, Harlin M. and Hafen, LeRoy R.  The Journal of Captain John R. Bell Official Journalist of the Stephen H. Long Expedition to the Rocky Mountains, 1820.  Glendale, California, The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1973.

Gerstacker, Friedrich. Wild Sports in the Far West: The Narrative of a German Wanderer beyond the Mississippi: 1837-1843. Reprinted from the English translation of 1854, with introduction and notes by Edna Steev0es and Harrison Steeves. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1968.

Ross, Margaret. "The Hazards of Travel in Arkansas of 1820s." Arkansas Gazette, May 11, 1960, 4A: 6,7. From the Diary of Joseph Meetch 1826.

Ross, Margaret. "A Missouri Traveler Along the Washita." Arkansas Gazette, June 17, 1960, 4A: 6,7.

Ross, Margaret. "A Visit to Strawberry and Old Davidsonville." Arkansas Gazette, April 29, 1960, 4A: 6,7. From the Diary of Joseph Meetch 1826.

Stoddard, Amos. Sketches, Historical and Descriptive of Louisiana. Philadelphia: M. Carey, 1812.

Thwaites, Reuben Gold, ed. Nuttall’s Travels into the Arkansas Territory, 1819. Early Western Travels 1748-1846, Vol XIII. Cleveland: Arthur H. Clark Company, 1905.

_________.  Wyatt's Travel Diary, 1836.  Chicago, Illinois, Privately Printed, 1930

Wynn, Mrs. Addie Evans and W.A. Evans. Wyatt’s Travel Diary, 1836. Chicago: Privately Printed, 1930.


Fletcher, John Gould.  Arkansas.  The John Gould Fletcher Series, Vol. 3. Fayetteville, Arkansas:  The University of Arkansas Press,1989.   Originally published in 1947 by The University of North Carolina Press.

Rector, Ruth Yingling.  "Arkansas Territory:  The Settling of a German Colony, German Emigrants Settled in Central Arkansas". Arkansas Gazette Sunday Magazine, 4E, May 9, 1976

Workers of the Writers' Program of the Work Projects Administration in the State of Arkansas, comps. The WPA GUIDE to 1930s Arkansas. Lawrence Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 1987.




Arkansas, A New Map of, with its Canals, Roads, and Distances. Philadelphia, PA: Thomas, Cowperthwait, and Co., 1850.
Bailey, W.E. Historical Map of Faulkner County, Arkansas. Faulkner County Centennial Edition, 1973.

Benton Street Map. Chamber of Commerce, 2004.

Bellin, N. "Carte de la Louisiane cours du Mississipi [i.e. Mississippi] et pais voisins : dediée à M. le Comte de Maurepas, ministre et secretaire d'etat commandeur des ordres du roy / par N. Bellin ingenieur de la marine, 1744 ; Dheulland sculp. "  General Maps. [] (June 09, 2005)

Benton & Saline County Arkansas Map. Ca. 2000. Saline Memorial Hospital on front.

Bradley, Abraham.  "Map of the United States : intended chiefly to exhibit the Post Roads & distances." General Maps [Maps} (June 07, 2005).

Faulkner County, Arkansas, OEM/911 Emergency Location Map 2003.

Hot Springs & Garland County Map. The Greater Hot Springs Chamber of Commerce, 2003.

Malvern & Hot Spring County 2002 Chamber of Commerce Map. Riley Marketing 2002.

Little Rock, Arkansas Area Map. Racine, Wisconsin: Seeger Map Co., 2001.

Lonoke County 911 Map. Columbia, Missouri: Miller Management Services, 1998.

Parts of Arkansas and Louisiana. Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies 1861-1865. Page ?

Pocahontas and Randolph County, Arkansas Map. 2002

Sevier County, Arkansas County Map with 911 Street Names. Ca. 2000.








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