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Photo Left:  Jackson Military Road cut exiting Washington, Arkansas, to the North East (2005)

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          H. R. 321, March 3, 1830:  Mentions Washington, Arkansas to Jackson, Arkansas

          Appropriations for Arkansas Roads,  From the Constitution to 1830

          From Territorial Papers August 6, 1931:  RICHARD DC. COLLINS TO THE QUARTERMASTER GENERAL, Survey Completed

          To Provide for Extending a Road from Washington to Jackson in Arkansas Territory, 1832

          S. 131, January 29, 1835: A Bill to Complete Certain Roads in Arkansas

          H. R. 716, February 25, 1835:  Mentions Washington, Arkansas to Columbia, Arkansas

          An act, appropriating $15,000 "to open a road from Washington, in Arkansas Territory

           Road from Jackson to Washington . . .saving more than 30 miles travel

           Road from Jackson to Washington . . . decided in favor of of Col. James S. Conway

 

 

HR 321, March 3, 1830

A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774 - 1875
Bills and Resolutions, House of Representatives, 21st Congress, 1st Session, H. R. 321 [http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llhb&fileName=012/llhb012.db&recNum=227] (June 12, 2005)

Bill 321 of 499,

 

 

HR 716,  February 25, 1935

A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774 - 1875
Bills and Resolutions, House of Representatives, 23rd Congress, 2nd Session, H. R. 716 [http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llhb&fileName=019/llhb019.db&recNum=370] (June 12, 2005).

Bill 716 of 772,

 

Appropriations for Arkansas Roads, From the Constitution to 1830

A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774 - 1875 American State Papers, Senate, 21st Congress, 1st Session
Public Lands: Volume 6, 1830, 29 [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llsp&fileName=033/llsp033.db&recNum=46] (June 13, 2005)

Page 29 of 978,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Arkansas, $45, 055.79

 

 

 

 

 

S. 131, January 29, 1835: A Bill to Complete Certain Roads in Arkansas

A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774 - 1875  Bills and Resolutions, Senate, 23rd Congress, 2nd Session [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llsb&fileName=016/llsb016.db&recNum=255] (June 13, 2005)

Bill 131 of 174,

 

H. R. 210, January 4, 1832:  To Provide for Extending a Road from Washington to Jackson in Arkansas Territory,

Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774 - 1875  Bills and Resolutions, House of Representatives, 22nd Congress, 1st Session [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llhb&fileName=014/llhb014.db&recNum=424] (June 13, 2005)

Bill 210 of 300,

 

Note:  Mentions . . . "An act  . . . approved March second, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, . . .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

From Territorial Papers, Arkansas Territory, (                          ),pp. 361-362

RICHARD DC. COLLINS TO THE QUARTERMASTER GENERAL

[NA:WD, QMG Lets. Recd: ALS]

 

        Washington Hemstead Cty ARKs TERRITORY 6th Augst  1831.

Sir  Pursuant to instructions receivd at New Orleans on the 12th June,90  I have the honor herewith to enclose you, a plot of the rout for a road, from this place to Jackson A. T.  Finding it entirely impracticable, to get a perfectly straight road, between the two places I have selected a route as short as practicable, taking into consideration, the suitableness of ground, making the distance 243 miles.  From the peculiarity of the country, it is absolutely necessary, to cross, most strams at certain points, and to keep the ridges, or divides, between them.  that part of the road, from Washington, to Little Rock, will require considerable causewaying, as the rivers which it will pass, overflow their banks to some considerable extent, which become extremely Miry, during the winter, and spring, months, many of the small creeks, and branches, have also bottom lands attached to them, that must necessarily be causewayed.  That part between Little Rock and Jackson, will pass over but little low ground, except the bottom lands, upon Little Red, Strawberry, and White rivers, but it will necessarily cross several high rocky ridges, running from East to West without any breaks or gaps for many miles,   A very good road can be made over them, by removing rocks, at an expence no greater than causewaying the same length of ground.  There will be upon the whole route, 10 bridges, of from 40, to 60, feet in length and about 25 of from 16 to 25.  There will be ferries required to be kept upon Spring, Strawberry, White, Little Red, Arkansas, Saline, Cado, Antoine, and Little Missouri rivers.  Upon Spring, White, Little Red, Arkansas, Saline and the Cado there are already ferry boats, and I have no doubt that they will be put upon all the others (except the Antoine) before their rise, as they will be a source of profit to their owners.  As the Antoine rises very rapidly and remain up but a few days at a time a boat would not pay for itself.  I shall therefore build a small one, and place it in charge of some person living near the ford.  All the rivers, (except the Arkansas) are fordable, at the points, where the road will cross, for a great part of the year, most of the for 10 months. 

    I left Ft Mitchell on the 2d of June, arrived a New Orleans on the 12th arrived here on the 27th left on the 1st July and finished the survey on the 5th Inst 91

    With Great respect I am Sir Yr Mo. Obt Servt

                                                                    R. D. C. Collins Lt & A. Q. M. U. S. A.

Maj Genl Thos  S. JesuP Qr Mr Genl U S Army Washington City

[Endorsed] Lt. R. D. C. Collins Washington, Arks Augt 6th 1831. Letter of detailed instructions to be prepared.  The road to be made in the manner of the other Military Roads in Arkansas.  Lt. C. will advertise for proposals immediately--He will send to the office a Map of the survey actually made, on a large Scale: and also, an estimate of the time necessary to compleat the road.  Recd Sept, 1831.

_________

90  Not found.

91  See post, p. 375

Arkansas Gazette, June 15, 1831, 2:3

Session of 1830-1831

15.  An act, appropriating $15,000 "to open a road from Washington, in Arkansas Territory, to Jackson, in said Territory".  Lieut. Collins, of the U. S. Army, has been instructed to survey the route of, and open this road, as early as practical.

 

Arkansas Gazette, July 27, 1831, 3:2


Road from Jackson to Washington.--Lieut. R. D. C. Collins, of the U. S. Army, to whose charge has been committed the surveying and opening of the Road from Jackson, in Lawrence county, to Washington, in Hempstead county, authorized by an act of Congress, arrived at this place yesterday, having completed the survey and marking of the route from Jackson to this place.  We understand, from a gentleman of the party, that the new road will cross White river at Tucker's Ferry, about eight miles below Batesville, and Little Red river at Britton's Ferry, about two miles above the old crossing, and it will cross the Arkansas at this place.  The distance from Jackson to this place, by the new road, will be about 118 miles--by the present one, it is a little upwards of 150 miles, thus producing a saving of more than 30 miles travel between these two places.

Arkansas Gazette, August 24, 1831, 3:1

Road from Jackson to Washington.-- The proposals for opening the Road from Jackson, the seat of Justice of Lawrence county, to Washington, the Seat of Justice of Hempstead county were opened at the latter place, by Lt. Collins, the Agent appointed by the President to superintend the construction of this Road, on the 15th inst.  We understand there were 19(?) competitors for the contract, which was decided in favor of Col. James S. Conway, of Lafayette county, by the acceptance of his proposals, amounting to the sum of $3,987.  The amount appropriated by the Government for this object, was $15,000.  Col. Conway, we understand, designs commencing the work early next month.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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